Archaeological dating methods
In case of a fail, the lecturer will decide for which of the essays a retake is needed.The essays need to be completed within 1 month after the last class.The extent of documentation varied considerably in 'historical' cultures and the information that survives is determined by a variety of factors.
Other methods include fluorine dating, nitrogen dating, association with bones of extinct fauna, association with certain pollen profiles, association with geological features such as beaches, terraces and river meanders, and the establishment of cultural seriations.
It is increasingly difficult for prehistorians working in the twenty-first century to conceptualise the problems experienced by their predecessors, and approaches to interpretation before the 1960s are consistently criticised.
Culture history and diffusionism may - with hindsight - seem excessively preoccupied with classification and social evolution, and to have applied unsophisticated historical interpretations instead of asking fundamental questions about human behaviour.
3) C14: reservoir-effects & stable isotopes, C14 for the archaeologist (“what’s in a date? Essays; one about a specific dating method, the other about a relevant case study.
Both essays together need to be a pass, which is only possible when both essays are submitted in time.